Poor oral hygiene results in plaque and tartar buildup. When ignored, bacteria can multiply in excessive amounts that can irritate and inflame the gums. These become sensitive and bleed easily, making them a target for gum disease.
The effects of gingivitis can be reversed through a scaling and root planing procedure. The elimination of any plaque traces is achieved through a deep cleaning. During the scaling process, tartar is removed from the superficial area. Infected tissue is removed during the root planing and the surfaces are smooth. This allows the gums to heal and reattach.
More advanced cases of gingivitis may require numbing of the treated gums, but because scaling and root planing are not intensive surgical procedures, they can be performed without anesthesia. The procedure will take more than one appointment, due to the fact that one portion of the mouth can be worked on at a time. This will provide ample time for healing and reduce treatment time.