If your gums begin to deteriorate in health, they can recede, become swollen, or increase in redness. In more advanced stages, the surrounding area becomes affected and can be destroyed. Your smile is not only spoiled in these conditions, but you will experience more difficulties trying to chew or speak.
Periodontal diseases are persistent ongoing infections that erode the support of your natural teeth. It can affect multiple periodontal tissues, including the alverolar bone, centum, gingiva, or periodontal ligament. Most periodontal issues arise from problems such as plaque and gingivitis. Periodontitis is frequently preceded by gingivitis.
Plaque is a film composed of bacteria, food particles, and other types of waste. It is sticky and can remain attached to your teeth at or below the gum line. Plaque constantly forms and can produce bacteria that irritates the teeth and gums. If the bacteria isn’t removed, pockets of space will form and provide a host for periodontal disease.
Periodontitis causes the supporting tissue around the teeth to deteriorate. Continuous weakening of the bone can result in a loss of teeth. Periodontal disease is dangerous, because it is symptomless and does not produce any noticeable pain. It is important to maintain healthy dental hygiene practices and regular dental visits to reduce the risk of experiencing periodontal disease.